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Navigating the Complexities of Trauma and PTSD

Bill Reichle » Bill Reichle Therapy/Counseling » Bill Reichle Therapy/Counseling

Trauma is a word that is often used in everyday language, but what does it really mean? And how does it relate to PTSD? In this article, we will explore the definitions of trauma and PTSD, the different types of trauma, and the healing journey for those who have experienced trauma.


What is Trauma?

Trauma is a psychological response to a distressing or disturbing event that overwhelms an individual’s ability to cope. It can be a single event, such as a car accident or a natural disaster, or it can be ongoing, such as childhood abuse or living in a war zone.

Trauma can have a profound impact on a person’s mental, emotional, and physical well-being. It can lead to a range of symptoms, including anxiety, depression, flashbacks, nightmares, and difficulty regulating emotions.

Types of Trauma

There are three main types of trauma: acute, chronic, and complex.

Acute trauma is a single event that is unexpected and overwhelming, such as a car accident or a physical assault. It can result in symptoms of PTSD, but these symptoms usually resolve within a few weeks or months.

Chronic trauma is ongoing and can be caused by repeated exposure to traumatic events, such as living in a war zone or experiencing ongoing abuse. This type of trauma can lead to complex PTSD, which is characterized by more severe and long-lasting symptoms.

Complex trauma is a type of trauma that occurs repeatedly and over a long period of time, often in childhood. It can be caused by ongoing abuse, neglect, or exposure to violence. Complex trauma can have a significant impact on a person’s development and can lead to a range of symptoms, including difficulty forming relationships, self-destructive behaviors, and dissociation.


What is PTSD?

PTSD stands for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and is a mental health condition that can develop after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. It is estimated that 7-8% of the population will experience PTSD at some point in their lives.

PTSD is characterized by four main types of symptoms: re-experiencing, avoidance, negative changes in mood and thinking, and changes in physical and emotional reactions.

Re-experiencing Symptoms

Re-experiencing symptoms are also known as flashbacks and can include intrusive memories, nightmares, and flashbacks of the traumatic event. These symptoms can be triggered by reminders of the trauma, such as a loud noise or a certain smell.

Avoidance Symptoms

Avoidance symptoms involve avoiding anything that reminds the person of the traumatic event. This can include avoiding certain places, people, or activities. Avoidance symptoms can also include feeling emotionally numb or detached from others.

Negative Changes in Mood and Thinking

Negative changes in mood and thinking can include feelings of guilt, shame, or hopelessness. It can also involve difficulty remembering the traumatic event or having negative thoughts about oneself or the world.

Changes in Physical and Emotional Reactions

Changes in physical and emotional reactions can include being easily startled, feeling on edge, or having difficulty sleeping. These symptoms are the body’s way of trying to protect itself from potential danger.


The Healing Journey

Healing from trauma and PTSD is a journey that looks different for everyone. It is important to remember that there is no right or wrong way to heal, and it is a process that takes time and patience.

Seeking Help

The first step in the healing journey is often seeking help from a mental health professional. A therapist can provide a safe and supportive space for individuals to process their trauma and develop coping strategies. Call Bill Reichle today; he can help you on your healing journey! 

There are many different types of therapy that can be helpful for trauma and PTSD, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), and somatic experiencing. It is important to find a therapist who specializes in trauma and who you feel comfortable working with.


Self-care is an essential part of the healing journey. It involves taking care of your physical, emotional, and mental well-being. This can include activities such as exercise, spending time in nature, journaling, and practicing relaxation techniques.

Self-care also involves setting boundaries and saying no to things that may be triggering or overwhelming. It is important to prioritize your own needs and take breaks when needed.

Building a Support System

Having a strong support system can be incredibly beneficial for those healing from trauma and PTSD. This can include friends, family, and support groups. It is important to surround yourself with people who are understanding and supportive of your healing journey.

Finding Meaning and Purpose

Trauma can often leave individuals feeling lost and without a sense of purpose. Part of the healing journey is finding meaning and purpose in life again. This can involve exploring new hobbies, volunteering, or finding a career that aligns with your values and passions.


Trauma Therapy

Trauma therapy is a type of therapy that is specifically designed to help individuals heal from trauma and PTSD. It can involve a range of techniques and approaches, depending on the individual’s needs and preferences.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. It can be helpful for individuals with PTSD who may have negative thoughts about themselves or the world.

CBT can also involve exposure therapy, where the individual is gradually exposed to the traumatic event in a safe and controlled environment. This can help reduce the intensity of the traumatic memories and decrease avoidance symptoms.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

EMDR is a type of therapy that involves using eye movements or other forms of bilateral stimulation to help individuals process traumatic memories. It can be helpful for individuals who have difficulty talking about their trauma or who have a hard time remembering the details of the event.

Somatic Experiencing

Somatic experiencing is a type of therapy that focuses on the body’s physical response to trauma. It involves paying attention to bodily sensations and using techniques to release tension and stress from the body.



Trauma and PTSD are complex and can have a significant impact on a person’s life. However, with the right support and resources, it is possible to heal and move forward. Seeking help, practicing self-care, building a support system, and finding meaning and purpose can all be helpful in the healing journey. Trauma therapy can also be a valuable tool in the healing process. Remember, healing is a journey, and it is important to be patient and kind to yourself along the way.

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Bill Reichle Owner, Mental Health Therapist
Bill is the owner of Avanti Consulting LLC. Bill consults and works with families, children, and adults.